Pre-School Curriculum

Montessori Explained

The Montessori Approach is a philosophy of education with the fundamental belief that a child learns best within a social environment that supports each individual’s unique development.

Montessori Education is an educational system based on profound respect for the child’s personality, helping them grow in all areas of their development.

Our Pre-primary Programme consists of the following main areas

Practical Life (“Life Skills”)
The Practical Life area is essential for a strong Montessori educational foundation. In this area a child is learning control of movement (fine motor skills), concentration span, self-confidence, and a love of learning. The activities in Practical Life are made up of familiar objects that a child would naturally see in everyday life. The activities are designed and chosen so that the children feel comfortable and will be able to master the activity. The activities that are chosen fall into four main categories: care of self, control of movement, care of the environment, and grace and courtesy. The overall idea of these activities are not only to help children gain self-confidence in their working abilities, but to expose the children to fundamental activities that will build their concentration span and work with activities they will encounter through adulthood.

The Sensorial area of the classroom helps children become more aware of smaller details that are often overlooked. Each sensorial activity focuses on one important quality such as colour, weight, shape, size, texture, sound or smell. Sensorial activities develop the senses of perception and discrimination for exploring and noticing small differences in patterns as well as fine motor function development in the hands. Sensorial materials are designed to isolate and heighten each sense, so children can work independently to organise and understand their work completely. The senses the child will refine by using the sensorial materials during a sensitive period are visual, tactile, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, baric, thermic, and stereognostic. Sensorial works also prepare a child for math, geometry, language, writing, and logical thinking. The sensorial area builds the child’s concentration for a wider awakening of the senses and perception for distinguishing different qualities and patterns.

The ages from three to six years old are a sensitive period for language achievements. The Language area, of the Montessori classroom encourages development of early-literacy skills through the use of phonetic sounds. In the Language area, children are exposed to various types of phonetic awareness activities to build a strong literary foundation. The language area, includes oral language activities, pre-reading work, writing and reading comprehension. Initial sounds are introduced through Sandpaper Letters and Matching Objects. After the children learn a few sounds, they are then introduced to blending exercises through moveable alphabets. The Metal Inserts are used to refine pencil control and help to improve writing skills. Montessori Language activities are designed to improve a child’s vocabulary, listening skills for common sounds, and differentiating between objects and pictures. Language activities include learning the shapes and sounds of letters, practicing fine motor skills by writing, vocabulary development, and matching words and pictures.

The Math area of Montessori classroom encompasses the use of concrete materials for the recognition of numbers and the recognition of quantity as well. Through these activities, children learn exactly how much a symbolic number stands for (i.e the number 5 means counting the correct number of objects to make the number 5). Mathematics activities include: linear counting, memory work, arithmetic and geometry. The mathematics activities help the child with a clear understanding of the four basic mathematical operations (+, -, x, /) and allow a child to physically manipulate the material in order to form a concrete understanding of math, and make it easier to understand more abstract concepts, thus preparing them for formal schooling.

Culture, Geography, History, Science, Biology and Chemistry
The Culture area of the classroom encompasses a variety of subjects that are supplementary to the Montessori method. Cultural subjects include: Geography, Zoology, Botany, Science & History. Studying these subjects provide children an opportunity to explore their curiosity of different and worldly ideas. Studying Geography allows the children the opportunity to understand their own culture as well as many others. The children can relate to and understand cultural diversity and ultimately come to appreciate differences between humankind. Science in the Montessori classroom allows the children to observe and work with hands-on experiments that will cultivate a lifelong interest in nature and discovering more about our unique world. Through the study of Botany, the children learn about plants (what they look like, how to take care of them, how they grow, etc.) so that they may appreciate nature in a more organic way. The study of Zoology shows children animals from all around the world (where they live, their unique eco-systems, what they eat, how they grow, etc.) While History gives them an understanding of how the world has evolved through the years.
Learners work with different themes through the year, participating in theme-related songs & activities, and creating theme-based creative pieces & artwork. Focus is placed on language, Maths & Life Skills, as per the Government based CAPS.

Technology – In addition, we have incorporated Computer Classes as part of our syllabus.

Prep School Curriculum

At LPA Prep, we strongly believe that academic excellence manifests itself through consistent effort, diligence and academic rigour. LPA Prep follows the Department of Education CAPS Curriculum as the core curriculum. We will also be using Montessori equipment to enhance the learning of Math and Language. Computer Studies is also part of our curriculum.

Learning does not take place in isolation and skills such as goal setting, planning, organising and maintaining a healthy balance are essential components of each student’s development. Just as a child learns to deal with success, so too should failure be seen as an opportunity to build resilience and determination.

The structure of assessments incorporates various thinking levels from simple recall to analysing and evaluating knowledge. Content is used as a tool to facilitate the understanding and application of knowledge in a critical way.

Physical Education 
At LPA Prep, we endeavour to develop a compulsory sports programme that will expose the learners to a range of sports, which will address the physical development of the child. This programme will also provide opportunities to develop a positive attitude toward physical exercise. In order to ensure that they are well-rounded and healthy. All scholars participate in 120 minutes of required physical education each week, which focuses on personal health, movement and physical activity